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South of Red Square stands a remarkable monument of mid-sixteenth century Russian architecture. The cathedral was built in 1555-1561 by architects Barma and Pòstnik Yakovlev - by order of Tsar Ivan the Terrible and with the blessing of Metropolitan Macarius. The Yakovlev were self-taught with a brilliant artistic intuition. The church originally commemorated the victory of Russian troops on capturing the Khanate of Kazan, which ended the long Tatar-Mongol rule. The idea of the temple monument is iconic and unique. The composition consists of 9 churches placed on a high pedestal. Eight of them are grouped around the central church of the Virgin's mantle; the highest is 47.5 meters and covered with a pyramid style roof. In 1588 Blessed Basil was buried in the northeast corner. Blessed Basil was a popular saint among the Muscovites. On his grave rose a tenth church. Since then, all the church began to be called the Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed. 

 

 


Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed 

 

 

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