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Lenin's Mausoleum, also known as Lenin's Tomb is located in Moscow's Red Square. It was built on the orders of the Soviet Government after the death of Lenin. His embalmed body has been on public view since his death in 1924. The architect was Alexei Schusev. Despite its small size, it is of monumental character and incorporates some elements of the old mausoleums. Schusev was inspired by Zoser's pyramid in Egypt and the tomb of Cyrus the Great. On Lenin’s death in January 21, the Soviet Government received over 10,000 telegrams of condolence, some of them asked it to preserve the body for future generations. On 23 January, Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosovun, a prominent pathologist and anatomist embalmed Lenin's body to keep it intact until the time of burial. That same night, the architect Alexei Schusev was commissioned to build a mausoleum in only three days. The decision was made to set the tomb on Red Square near the Kremlin walls. The next day, Schusev built a wooden grave and deposited Lenin's coffin in it. 100, 000 people visited it in the first six weeks. In 1929 it was decided that Lenin's embalmed body could be preserved for much longer, so it commissioned a new mausoleum built to replace the wooden structure of four years earlier. The architects chosen were Alexei Schusev, IA Frantsuz and G.K. Yakovlev. They used marble, porphyry, granite, labradorite and other building materials. In October 1930 the construction was finished. In 1973, the sculptor Nikolai Tomsky designed a new sarcophagus. In January 1924, Moscow ordered that the doors of the mausoleum receive a guard of honor 24 hours a day. The Russians call this guard, the Sentinel number one. The honor guard was disbanded after the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, and in 1997 was transferred to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

 


 

Lenin Mausoleum

 

 

 

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