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Go to Russia

 

East European Tourist Information Center “Yucatan Expert” portal provides information, support and invites you to the number one Russian tourist destinations in the “Golden Ring of Russia”.  This includes Moscow with Kremlin and the Red Square, St.-Petersburg with its Imperial Palaces, and others which are otherwise known by the tourist inner circle being UNESCO recognized World Heritage places.


We also can arrange your trip to other destinations in Ukraine other European countries. (We guarantee our customers a professional attention and high quality service. We have Spanish speaking tour guides and customer service representatives.

 

Briefly about Russia

 

 

 

 

Area:  17.075.400 km²

 

Population:  140.702.090


Capital:  Moscow


Official language: Russian


Religion: Russia is a secular state.  

Freedom of Worship is guaranteed by the Constitution.
43.3% of adults are considered Russian Orthodox
50.6%  are other Christians

 

Currency:  Ruble

 

Location: Russia shares borders with the following countries: Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. In addition share sea boarders with Japan and The United States. Russia has an extensive coastline along the Arctic and Pacific Ocean, as well as the Baltic Sea, Sea of Azov, Black and Caspian seas.

 

Oficial name: Russian Federation

 

Govenment:  Federal Semi-Presidential Republic

 

President:  Dmitry Medvedev

 

 

Useful information

 

Climate

The winter months are December, January and February. The coldest month is February (-25° Celsius). The first snow generally falls in late October.


The spring months are March, April and May. The variation of temperatures is between+8  +18 degrees. It starts to rain in April.


The summer months are June, July and August. The variation in temperature is between +18  +30 degrees.


The autumn months are September, October and November. The variation in temperature is between +5 y - 8 degrees.

 

 

Customs

You can import duty-free entry to the Russian Federation the following items (per person):

 

  1. 1000 cigarettes or 1 kg of tobacco products ;
  2. 1.5 liters of hard liquors and 2 liters of wine;
  3. Reasonable quantity of perfume for personal use;
  4. Gifts in total not more than US$10.000, and with total weight not exceeding 50 kg.

 

It is forbidden to import: material and typographical photo oriented against Russian Federation, arms and ammunition, drugs, fruit and vegetables. It is prohibited to export: weapons and ammunition, items of art and antiques (it is possible to export them if obtain permission only from The Ministry of Culture), precious metals and furs. You can export no more than 280 kg of caviar per person. Tourist must submit receipts for the purchase of all items of high value, acquired in the territory of the Russian Federation.

 

 

Currency and Exchange

1 U.S. dollar is equivalent approximately to 36 Rubles,
1 Euro is equivalent to 46 Rubles (2009).


Throughout the Russian territory all official payments are made in local currency or by a credit card. There are also places where you can pay in U.S.  dollars or Euros.


For example, you can buy souvenirs at tourist markets. The Travel Checks can be exchanged at some banks, or bank’s offices located in some hotels. Therefore it’s advisable to have currency in cash or credit card (VISA, Master Card, Maestro, American Express, Euro card).


The Ruble has 100 kopiekas (pens).


Denomination are:  1, 5, 10, 50 kopeikas and 1, 2, 5,10, 50, 100, 500, 1000 and rarely 5000 ruble bank notes.
There are many exchange offices or banks where you can change the currency.  The most popular currency exchange is the U.S. Dollar and Euro. But you must present a passport in order to do an exchange,  verify that the banknotes are in a good condition with no visible defects: broken or blotchy, or have stamps from other banks and were not issued prior to 1990 (dollars).


We don’t recommend you change the currency at airports and hotels, because the exchange rate is lower than in the exchange offices in the city.


As we mentioned, credit cards can be used in major hotels, restaurants and shops. But to submit the credit card you can be asked for an identity document, as a passport, for the security.

 

 

Telephones, internet

Public telephones.

In Moscow there are many phone companies and each of them has their phones in the city. The biggest and most popular are MGTS and COMSTAR. The main difference is the obviously price. The company MGTS is only for local calls inside Moscow. At airports, in bars, restaurants, casinos, hotels there are telephones of the COMSTAR company (they have an inscription with Latin letters). You  can call anywhere in the world but of course paying more and need to buy a special card COMSTAR.


One of the most convenient forms is to call from hotel rooms, but this call will be much more expensive than calling from payphones. One way to save money is go to any Telegraph Station in the city. You pre pay for the call based on country and minutes and if you talked less than you paid, the money is refunded  to you.

 

To call abroad you should dial 8 + 10 + country code + city code + phone number.

 

Cell phones.

Lately, many tourists arrive to Russia with their own cell phones.  Entering the country on your mobile screen you will see one of the three inscriptions: MTS-RUS, Beeline or Megafon. These are the three biggest mobile companies in Russia. Take into account that the rates here are not very high, but you pay for both incoming and outgoing calls in addition to roaming charges by your own carrier.
To call home you have to dial the "+", then the country code, then city code and phone number.


If you dial a Moscow cell number it would be better to start with +7 +area code (3 digits) + telephone number ( 7 digits)

 

Internet.

In Moscow there are numerous Internet cafes. Costs from 60 to 200 rubles (2-4 euro), the quality of
communication is very good, computers are quite modern. Besides the internet they offer you
complimentary services: print, scan, pictures, digital videos and much more.

 

 

Transportation

Within the city you can move in any of the 4 types of transport: metro, bus, trams and trolleybuses.
To enter the metro you have to buy a ticket that is valid for 1, 2, 5, 10 travel times. The cost depends on the number of entries to the underground and not the number of stations to visit. The metro opens at 5:40 a.m. and closes at 1:00 in the morning, but the trains go until 2:00 a.m.


The trams, buses and trolleybuses run from 5:30 to 1:00 in the morning.
With the exception of the going to and from the airport, travel by taxi in Moscow is a wonderful experience.

 

 

Photographing

In most of the museums you can take pictures, but you have to pay for it.
Throughout the outdoor  territory of the Kremlin, Tsaritsino and Kuskovo, you can take the pictures for free.
 In the Cathedrals of the Kremlin, the Armory, the Diamond Fund, the Mausoleum, in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, in the Tretyakov Gallery and the Museum of Fine Arts of Pushkin it is strictly prohibited to take photographs.

 

 

Food

Russian cuisine is quite different from European and Latin American food. The products are the same, but preparation is sauces are very diverse. In Russia people eat lots of potatoes (boiled, fried, mashed,  etc.). The most consumed vegetables are cabbage, beets, and salty cucumbers.


There are many kinds of jam made from berries that can be found in forests and gardens.
The most popular Russian dishes are the Shi Soup (cabbage, beets, potato) and Borsh (cabbage, beets).
Entries are usually served  with an appetizer such as heering  and salads: “Stolìchniy” “(Antipasta Salad)” , “Olivie” (Potato Salad), or  “Vinegret” (Beet Salad)


For the main entree dish beef, pork, veal, lamb and chicken prepared grilled, fried, or battered and is served with potatoes or possibly buckwheat.


Another typical dish is the “Pelmeni”, resembles the Italian ravioli. 

 

 

Souvenirs

Moscow offers a wide assortment of souvenirs, many of which are handcrafted. Wood or stone carving, painted wooden objects, ceramics, icons, glass, amber, leather embossed ornament, artistically wrought metal objects – embossed with enamel and filigree, and all kind of textiles, especially embroidery, carpets, are just to name a few.


Many tourists buy items that are made of papier-mâché with artistic painting and lacquer, made by the framers of Palej. 
Tablecloths, pillowcases, napkins, lace collars and handkerchiefs are also very popular.


For over 300 years, there is Jojloma village handicrafts. These art objects of wood, with striking paintings in black, red and gold attract attention. Spoons, cups of different shapes, trays and furniture painted in the Old Russian style, distinguished by the originality of design and robustness.


Tourists always of course buy at least one Matrioshka which are  wooden dolls, brightly painted and lacquered. Each of them carries inside one, two, three…up to a dozen smaller dolls.


All these souvenirs you can buy in the center of town or doing a tour of various tourist attractions such as the Arbat Street, the observation point of Moscow, Red Square and the GUM.

 

 

Health and hygiene

Medicine. Currently in Russia it is possible to acquire most popular medicines in the pharmacies.

 

Useful phrase (alfabeto)

 

English

Ruso

Pronunciacion

Yes Да Da
No Нет Niet
Thank you Спасибо Spasiba
Thank you so much Большое спасибо Spasiba bolshoe
You are welcome Пожалуйста Pazhalusta
I’m sorry (excuse me) Извините Izvinite
Hi Привет Privet
By Пока Paka
Good by До свидания Dasvidania
Good morning Доброе утро Dobroe utro
Good afternoon Добрый день Dobri dien
Good evening Добрый вечер Dobri viecher
Bon appetit! Приятного аппетита! Priyatnava apetita!
I don’t understand! Я не понимаю Ya ne ponimayu
How to say in Russian...? Как это сказать по-русски? Kak eto skazat po russki?
Can you speak slowlier Говорите медленнее Gavarite miedleneye
In Spanish По-испански Po Ispanski
I Я Ya
We Мы Mui
You Ты Tui
You Вы Vui
They Они Oni
Can you help me, please! Помогите мне, пожалуйста! Pamagite mne pazhalusta!
How are you? Как дела? Kak dela?
Very nice Хорошо Jarasho
Not well Плохо Plojo
How much is it costs? Сколько это стоит? Skolka eto stoit?

 

 

 

 

 

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